From the dream of a red-red-green coalition. The left simply did not get enough votes for this variant of government formation. According to the preliminary official final result, the party only managed to collect 4.9 percent of the second votes cast. So she failed on the five percent threshold.
Actually. And yet the left will be able to enter the Bundestag on the basis of its second share of the vote. The reason for this is the so-called basic mandate clause. “The distribution of seats on the state lists of the parties also takes into account parties that have not overcome the 5 percent threshold (threshold clause), but have obtained a seat in at least three electoral districts,” he said. it’s on the side of the Federal Returns Officer. The Left won exactly these three direct mandates in this federal election (there were five in 2017).
At a press conference Monday morning in Berlin, the party chairman thanked the winners of the three direct mandates: Gesine Lötzsch, Gregor Gysi and Sören Pellmann. According to Bartsch, you are ‘our assurance that we will move to the German Bundestag again with fractions’.
The left gets 39 seats in the Bundestag
So now the left becomes part of the 20th German Bundestag. And that – unlike previously reported – with the status of a fraction. This is achieved by a party if the number of members is at least five percent of the actual number of members of the Bundestag. The new Bundestag will consist of 735 members. So five percent of all seats is 36.75. The Left has 39 seats based on the second share of the vote and taking into account the direct mandates it has won.
The discrepancy between the share of second votes and the share of seats in the Bundestag – that is, the fact that the left got less than five percent of the second votes, but more than five percent of the MPs in parliament – stems from the fact that other parties also got second votes, but did not enter the Bundestag. A total of 47 parties took part in the federal elections. Only eight of them move to the Bundestag, the other 39 parties received a total of 8.6 percent of the vote. In addition, a member of the South Schleswig Voters’ Association (SSW) moves to the Bundestag due to an exception for parties of national minorities.
If the members of the left had not formed at least five percent of the members of the Bundestag, they should have formed a group. The other members of the Bundestag must agree to the formation of such a group Rules of Procedure agree. However, groups have do not have the same rights and less financial resources than the political groups. At the beginning of each legislature, the Bundestag grants individual rights to an association of parliamentarians recognized as a group.
Special meaning came to the group rule after reunificationwhen 144 MPs from the new Länder entered the entire German parliament. The former Volkskammer members of the CDU, SPD, Liberals and Greens were included as members or guests in the relevant political groups. For the 24 PDS MPs – the forerunner of the left – there was no parliamentary group that could have accepted them. So they formed a group.